Posts Tagged ‘first time home buyer’

Millennials and Home Ownership

July 30, 2020

Millennials are the largest generational group in US history.  This year, the largest section of Millennials will turn age 30, entering what many consider to be “prime homeownership years.”  So how is the pandemic impacting these potential home buyers?  Two recent studies have addressed this topic.

The first, by First American economist Mark Fleming is more optimistic than the second.  Fleming states that the pandemic has delayed, but not denied, homeownership for Millennials.  He notes that household formation is a key driver of home demand, and that the Millennial generation is making lifestyle decisions that “will continue to support potential homeownership demand in the years ahead.”  He further states that Millennials “may fuel a ‘roaring 20’s’ of homeownership demand.”  As a loan officer, I love optimism in the housing market!

On a less optimistic note, a realtor.com report stated that pandemic-related unemployment could further delay Millennials’ homeownership dreams.  It expresses concern that unemployed potential homebuyers will live from their savings.  And it could take them years to recoup their savings once the go back to work.  The article then references how a 10% down payment on a $320,000 home (the median list price of a US home in April), is $32,000.  Ultimately, it can take people months, if not years to save tens of thousands of dollars for a down payment.Here’s the good news related to down payments – a 10% down payment is not required.  Many home buyers obtain conventional loans with only a 5% down payment – even 3% down if they are willing to pay a higher interest rate.  And there are income-based conventional loan programs that offer discounted interest rates and mortgage insurance for a 3% down payment – for those buyers who qualify.  Home buyers can obtain 3.5% down FHA loans.  And military veterans can buy a home with a zero down VA loan.

While obtaining a mortgage with a less than 20% down payment requires paying for mortgage insurance (except for VA loans), my opinion is that paying the mortgage insurance to buy a house sooner is often better than waiting and paying rent.  As long as home prices continue appreciating, the homeowner will likely build wealth even if they have to pay the mortgage insurance.  And in my opinion, growing wealth is superior to expense only home rental payments.

Are you or someone you know a Millennial wanting to buy a home in Georgia?  I would love to help.  We can explore low down payment and other options to help you buy a home (and start growing your wealth) sooner rather than later.  Give me a call and let’s get started.

 

Good News for (Some) Home Buyers!

July 16, 2020

As a loan officer, I really like the Home Possible and Home Ready conventional loan programs.  For eligible borrowers, these programs offer discounted interest rate pricing and discounted mortgage insurance premiums.  To qualify, home buyers must make a down payment between 3% and 20% and complete an online homeownership class.  Borrowers must also earn an income of 80% or less than the area median income for the census tract where they will buy a home.

I think these programs are such good deals that I have recommended (1) borrowers who planned to make a 20%+ down payment actually make less than a 20% down payment to qualify for the lower rate and (2) spouses or domestic partners put only one person on the loan application to keep income lower to qualify for the discounts (that’s perfectly legal and within guidelines, by the way!!)  The discounts are especially powerful for people wanting to buy condominiums, as these programs allow the buyer to avoid the expensive “condominium price adjustment” in the interest rate calculation.  The Mortgage Blog has covered these programs in the past.

So, what’s the good news?  On July 12, Freddie Mac updated its Home Possible Eligibility Tool to reflect the new 2020 area median income limits issued by the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FIFA).  Approximately 87% of counties will experience AMI increases in 2020.  That means that more home buyers can now qualify for these great loan programs.

I checked the tool for some addresses in the Atlanta Metro Area.  Before July 12, the Home Possible annual income limit in these areas was $63,360.  Now the annual income limit is higher at $65,760.  I also checked Fannie Mae’s Home Ready website and found the same adjustment.  While the income increases are not huge, every little bit helps, right?  Home buyers earning $64,000 to $65,000 now can take advantage of these great programs, whereas they could not before July 12.

I recently talked with a first-time home buyer.  She said another lender suggested she get an FHA mortgage.  I recommended that with her 740 credit score and qualifying income, the Home Ready / Home Possible programs would be much better for her.  She could get a similar interest rate with a 3% down payment, and she could avoid the FHA up-front mortgage insurance, which would cost her over $4,500.  She agreed with me.

Do you know someone who wants to buy their first home in Georgia?  They need to find a mortgage lender who will explore all loan options to find the loan that best fits their own unique situation.  Tell your friend or coworker to call me.  I’ll make sure we structure the loan and their application to take advantage of the best loan program available.

COVID Could Negatively Impact the Rental Market

June 18, 2020

It’s fascinating to see studies about how the pandemic could impact the future residential real estate market.  The latest Mortgage Blog post noted that many city dwellers are now considering a move to the suburbs.  Here’s another impact:  A recent renters survey showed that 35.9% of all renters say they likely will not renew their lease, while another 38% are not sure or are somewhat likely to renew their lease.  Most striking is that 41.6% of renters who pay $1,750 or more per month say they will likely not renew their lease.  The article states that apartment fitness centers, pools, and clubhouses closed due to the pandemic contributed to this renter sentiment.

As someone who likes growing my net worth, I must say this survey makes sense to me.  At today’s historically low interest rates, it is possible for someone in the Atlanta area to buy a $300,000 home with a 5% down payment, and have a mortgage payment of only about $1,750 per month.  (This assumes a 3.5% interest rate.)  With a monthly rent payment, the entire amount is an expense.  Renters do not build wealth from their residence.  But a home buyer begins building her net worth with her first mortgage payment.  For the scenario mentioned here, the very first mortgage payment includes $448.53 of principal, or equity in the home.  So only $1,302 is an expense.  That seems like a better use of money to me.

And, given recent home price appreciation, it is reasonable to assume that an owner’s home will appreciate over time, building additional wealth.  So home owners build wealth with appreciation over time and with each payment.  My question is, “Why would someone pay $1,750 in monthly rent when they could own a $300,000 home instead?”  I suppose I can understand if people love their apartment’s amenities or if they don’t want to deal with home maintenance issues.

But many people believe myths that make them think they cannot buy, when they actually can.  One myth is that a buyer must make a 20% down payment.  I have closed many mortgages where the home buyer made only a 3% down payment.  And I’ve closed VA loans where the borrower paid $0 down.  To fund 3% down payment a buyer can get a gift from a relative or perhaps borrow from a 401K account.  Another myth people believe is that they must have “great” credit.  Even in the pandemic world, we can close mortgages for people with a 620 credit score.  And there are ways to improve a credit score over time.

Would you like to grow your wealth every month with homeownership in Georgia instead of making an expense-only rent payment?  If yes, contact me today.  We can start planning now to help you buy a home as soon as possible.

 

 

Pandemic Impacts to Self-Employed Borrowers

May 19, 2020

In the world of mortgage origination and underwriting, the greatest focus is limiting risk.  COVID-19 has caused underwriting guidelines to get a little tighter as millions are unemployed, furloughed, and going into a forbearance status on mortgage payments. Today, I’ll focus on the tighter guidelines for self-employed buyers.

The guidelines can change depending on the lender you use. For example:

  • One lender now requires that self-employed borrowers asset statements show 6 months of “reserves” to cover mortgage payments after closing.  That means that the borrower’s bank statements must show enough available cash, after closing, to cover 6 months of mortgage payments.
  • One lender now requires an audited profit and loss statement from the most recent month to verify recent business performance (The word “audited” got my attention and I don’t believe I’ll be working with them on self employed buyers anytime soon).
  • Another lender now requires the following for self-employed borrowers:
    • Year to date profit and loss statement showing income consistent with previously filed tax returns.
    • Most recent three months of bank statements showing deposits consistent with sales / gross receipts specified on the P&L statement.
    • If the monthly statements show declining deposits, the underwriter will determine if the revenue decline results from an interruption from COVID or some other reason.  Ultimately, the underwriter will want to determine that the income is “stable and likely to continue” before approving the loan.

 

In this economy, it is wise for self-employed home buyers to review their filed tax returns and recent business performance and bank statements with their loan officer before searching for new homes.  A loan originator who understands new underwriting guidelines and will take the time to review details up front can save borrowers time, money, and potential disappointment.

Working at Dunwoody Mortgage, I represent some national mortgage companies that have not implemented stricter standards for the self-employed.  If you know a self-employed person who wants to buy a home in Georgia, please connect that person with me.  I will invest the time needed to best position the self-employed for underwriting approval in this changing and challenging mortgage world.

 

How Relatives Can Assist Home Buyers…

April 16, 2020

A recent survey of 1,045 adults found that 77% of the Gen Z and Millennial cohorts expect their parents’ financial assistance when purchasing their first home.  Of the young people surveyed, 38% expected help funding a down payment, 31% expected parents to co-sign on their mortgage, and 24% percent expected help covering closing costs.  From the lender’s perspective, this is all very doable as long as the needed documentation is delivered and all other lending criteria (e.g., credit scores and debt to income ratios) are carefully met.  Documenting financial assistance from relatives can be challenging if the borrower does not plan in advance, so here are some suggested “best practices” for home buyers who expect this help.

The “gifts of cash” concept covers help covering both down payments and closing costs, as mentioned in the survey.  Parents and other relatives can give cash to cover all aspects of the buyer’s cash to close – down payment, closing costs, and prepaid escrow.  To be approved, such gifts need to come from documented relatives, which includes parents, grandparents, siblings, and even aunts and uncles, along with spouses, domestic partners, and fiancés.  From experience, I can report that underwriters will likely not approve gifts from nieces or nephews and not from ex-spouses, as the relationship has been legally terminated.

Underwriters expect gifts to be carefully documented.  This includes a gift letter signed by both giver and buyer.  The letter states that the money given is a gift, and not a loan.  Loans to help buyers are prohibited.  If the giver makes the gift using a check, the underwriter will want to see a copy of the check.  And if the gift occurs before closing, the underwriter will want to see bank statements from the giver and the buyer showing the funds coming out of the giver’s account and into the buyer’s account.  For some loan types, the giver may have to show proof of funds and document the source of any “large deposits” into the giving account.  My preference for conventional loans is to have the giver wire the funds directly to the closing attorney’s escrow account.  When this is done for a conventional loan, the only documentation typically required for the buyer and giver is the gift letter itself.  It’s much simpler and less time consuming, so I recommend this approach when possible.

Relatives and even friends can co-sign mortgages along with the home buyer.  (Yes, friends can co-sign…I recently verified this for a potential client.)  To do this, we combine loan files for the buyer and the co-signer.  As long as the combined file meets all underwriting criteria (credit scores, available cash to close, and combined debt to income ratio), underwriting will approve mortgages including the “non-occupant co-borrower.”

Do you know a young person who wants to end her expense-only monthly rental cost?  Ask her if she is expecting an income tax refund this year.  Then connect her with me.  I’ll help her explore how best to fund a home purchase with that refund and assistance from family, if necessary.

The Mortgage World and COVID-19…

March 26, 2020

The Mortgage Blog has documented the recent rapid swings in mortgage interest rates based on COVID-19 economic impacts.  Now let’s look at some positive (non-interest rate) news from the mortgage world, specifically regulatory changes resulting from the massive disruption to the world economy.

First of all, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac will ease their appraisal and employment verification standards, based on a Federal Housing Finance Agency directive.  The goal is to “facilitate liquidity in the mortgage market during the coronavirus national emergency.”  Appraisal management companies can now use “appraisal alternatives” that reduce the need for appraisers to enter homes “for eligible mortgages.”  Appraisers can use desktop appraisals and drive-by appraisals in certain circumstances.  Fannie Mae stated these alternatives may be used “when an interior inspection is not feasible because of COVID-19 concerns.”

The second source of good news is from financial regulators working to help borrowers avoid foreclosures.  On March 17, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and HUD (FHA’s loan guarantor) announced that they will suspend foreclosures and evictions for 60 days to help borrowers stay in their homes while COVID-19 spreads.  The State of New York went further, as Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced that the state will enact a 90-day mortgage relief period.  Options for relief include forebearance, which allows borrowers to suspend mortgage payments for up to 12 months due to COVID-19 caused hardship.  Other options may include mortgage modifications and “other mortgage payment relief options available based on the borrower’s individual circumstances.”

I find this mortgage-market news encouraging, and hopefully it will reassure people considering a home purchase.  Just a reminder if you are thinking about a home purchase – interest rates are at very low levels historically.  From a mortgage perspective, now is still a good time to buy a home.  If you want to buy a home in the State of Georgia, reach out to me.  I promise that Dunwoody Mortgage will deliver outstanding service and will go the extra mile to close your purchase as quickly and with as little hassle as possible.

Gen Z’ers Want to Own a Home!

January 7, 2020

Here’s some good news for people working in the real estate and mortgage industries – a recent study by Freddie Mac shows that members of Generation Z tend to have stronger home ownership motivations than do Millennials.  Freddie Mac surveyed consumers between the ages of 14 and 23.  The results show that, on average, Gen Z’ers have a more positive perspective on home ownership.

Eighty-six percent of survey responders stated they want to own a home, and respondents plan to buy a home by the time they are 30 years old.  The current median age of first time homebuyers is 33.  Survey respondents cited the greater control, independence, and privacy that home ownership delivers relative to renting.

While showing enthusiasm for home ownership, survey participants also noted the challenges they face, including increasing home prices, saving for a down payment, and unstable jobs or job changes.  They also note student loan debt as a challenge for those planning to attend college.

Sixty-five percent stated they are not confident in their mortgage knowledge.  Of these, seventy one percent stated they would consult a parent to learn more about mortgages, while only forty one percent said they would consult a mortgage professional.

Now here’s a stat I really like:  seventy-nine percent would prefer to handle the mortgage process face-to-face with a professional, rather than online.  I love meeting my clients, shaking their hands and looking them in the eyes.  This statistic warms my heart.

As a mortgage professional and father of two Gen Z’ers, here are my recommendations to these aspiring home buyers:

  1. Create a reasonable budget that includes saving for a down payment.  Implement this savings strategy now so it becomes habitual and easier down the road.
  2. Pay your bills always on time to build your credit score.  This may sound silly, but many people don’t realize how important it is to pay back credit cards when they first start using them.

Do you know a Gen Z’er who wants to talk with a mortgage professional so they can better understand the process?  I would LOVE to meet them – I’ll even talk with them in a relaxed coffee shop environment.  Connect them with me and I’ll be happy to coach them now, even if it may be a few years until they are ready to buy a home.

Owning Makes More Financial Sense than Renting

December 3, 2019

A recent Census Bureau report showed that construction began for 11,000 single-family built-for-rent houses in the second quarter of 2019.  Mind you, these are not apartments, but single-family homes built specifically to rent.  A recent National Association of Home Builders blog post stated that renting by choice is gaining popularity among millennials.   

The CEO of a build-for-rent developer stated, “What we were shocked to find out was it was people that had great credit, they had money for down payments, they had great incomes but they just didn’t want to own a home.”  So their renter clientelle does not consist of people experiencing job loss, credit challenges, etc.  They could buy a home, but they choose to rent instead.  It’s a lifestyle decision.

Here’s a negative consequence of this choice.  William Wheaton, a MIT housing economist, recently made said to NPR, “Owning still makes much more sense.  If prices continue to rise, buying will be a money tree.”  Even home price appreciation occurs at low levels, that growth serves to build personal wealth for the home owner.  So home price appreciation builds homeowner equity.  In addition, the principal component of every mortgage payment also builds homeowner equity.  A tenant’s monthly rent checks are expense only – there’s no wealth building when it comes to paying rent.

From a long-term wealth perspective, owning builds wealth better than renting (especially with today’s low interest rates and strong home affordability).  If you are renting in Georgia now and wonder if owning would benefit you financially, give me a call.  We’ll run some numbers and see if home ownership is better for you financially.

Is a Housing Boom Coming?

November 19, 2019

Stephen McBride, a contributor for Forbes magazine, posted an October article titled, “The Biggest Housing Boom In History Has Just Begun.” McBride approaches the subject from an investor perspective, but as someone employed in the home finance world, the article is very relevant to my job.

One of McBride’s sources stated, “The most important driver of home prices is supply and demand.  And right now, there is a chronic undersupply of homes in America.”  Since the late 1950’s, the US has seen an average of 1.5 million homes built annually, according to Census Bureau data.  However, since the Great Recession started in 2008, new home construction has averaged only 900,000 units annually.  That’s a shortfall of 600,000 off the historical annual average for 10 years now.  So we have a cumulative undersupply of 6,000,000 homes relative to historical data.  The article goes on to state, “fewer homes were built in the last decade than any decade since the ’50’s.”

On the demand side, the focus is the Millennial cohort.  The Millennials are the largest generation in American history.  Now the median age of the Millennial cohort is 34.  This historical average age of people buying their first home is 33.  According to the National Association of Realtors, one-third of home buyers are now Millennials.  The article goes on to state that “Every year for the next decade, tens of millions of Millennials will hit home buying age.”

Put these two factors together and you have a tight housing supply coupled with increasing demand.  Supply and demand analysis therefore predicts that home prices will rise.  (This makes me want to buy another house or two!)

I earned my economics degree a long time ago, but the supply and demand basics have not changed.  This appears to be the perfect storm for rising home prices.  And that could mean significant wealth growth for home owners over the next several years.

Want to get into the market now while mortgage rates are near historic lows and before home values start rising quickly again?  Give me a call at Dunwoody Mortgage.  We will get you prequalified quickly and help you close with the best financing for your current situation.  You can buy a home with a minimum 3% to 3.5% down payment and a credit score of 620+.  Now could be the perfect time for you to buy a home.

Home Affordability at its Highest Point in Years

November 1, 2019

According to a recent report by Black Knight, Inc., home affordability reached its best level in years in August 2019.  This follows a consistent decline in home affordability from late 2016 through late 2018.  Home affordability hit a nine-year low in November 2018, as mortgage rates rose to the 5% range.  At that time, the national home payment to income ratio rose to 23.7%.  According to Black Rock, this led to an extended slow down in home price growth.

Since November 2018, mortgage rate declines plus this slower home appreciation has greatly improved home affordability.  The national payment to income ratio has dropped to 20.7%.  This ratio means that the monthly principal and interest (P&I) payment on an average-priced home now requires only 20.7% of the national median income.

Put another way, interest rate declines between November 2018 and August 2019 has increased home buying power by about $46,000. In August 2019, a home buyer would pay the same P&I amount on a $246,000 home mortgage as she would have paid on a $200,000 home mortgage in November 2018.

On the other hand, I found websites and recent articles showing that Atlanta-area rents have risen around 4% in the preceding 12 months.  In short, owning a home in Atlanta has gotten more affordable while renting has gotten more expensive.

Do you rent your home in Georgia?  Has your rent increased making money tight?  Give me a call and let’s talk about mortgage affordability.  You don’t need perfect credit to buy a home, and you will need only a minimum 3% to 3.5% for your down payment.  (Military veterans can obtain VA loans with a 0% down payment.)  With the current low mortgage rates, you might be able to buy more home than you thought you could, for a lower monthly payment than you thought you would have to make.  And with buying a home, you will get the equity / wealth benefits from potential home appreciation.  It’s a GREAT time to buy a home in Georgia!!